DIFFER: Diagonal Interventions to Fast-Forward Enhanced Reproductive Health
The “Diagonal Interventions to Fast Forward Enhanced Reproductive Health” (DIFFER) research project tests the hypothesis that combining vertical Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) interventions, such as services targeted to Female Sex Workers (FSW), with horizontal strengthening of health systems for SRH within existing health facilities, is synergistic, feasible, and likely to be more effective and cost-effective than providing them separately. In particular, the research activities will build capacity to implement interventions for FSW. This multi-country study consists of a consortium of three African, one Indian and two European partners. The research activities are being undertaken in the African sites (Durban, South Africa; Mombasa, Kenya; and Tete, Mozambique) and in Mysore India. The formative research including a detailed situational and policy analysis informed the development of site and context-specific intervention packages to strengthen SRH services. This study is now in the intervention phase and a comprehensive evaluation will follow at the end of 2015.
The European Union
Prof J Smit (MatCH Research)
MatCH Research Commercial City Site and community in central Durban
University of Ghent – International Centre for Reproductive Health (UG-ICRH), Belgium, Ashodaya Samithi (Ashodaya), India, International Centre for Reproductive Health Association, Kenya (ICRH-K), International Centre for Reproductive Health Association Mozambique (ICRH-M), Lifeline, Durban
The study is qualitative and aims to evaluate whoonga; the context of whoonga use, knowledge of ARV diversion for recreational use and unmet health need of whoonga users. Using purposive sampling, a subset of whoonga users will be invited from the South African National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (SANCA) Lulama Treatment Centre Durban (N=30) and a subset of key informants knowledgeable about whoonga (N=10) will be invited to participate in semi-structured interviews about whoonga. Whonga users will be eligible if they are 18 years and above, admitted voluntarily for inpatient substance use treatment at SANCA, able and willing to provide informed consent and speak English or isiZulu. All key infomant participants should be 18 years and above and knowledgeable about whoonga.
Funded by NIH though CFAR grant
Prof J Smit
SANCA Lulama Treatment Centre
Havard Medical School and Massachessetts General Hospital. SANCA Lulama Treatment Centre